Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date

2009

Subjects

Indirect Taxation, Value Added Tax, Cross-Border Services, Destination-Based Taxation

Abstract

In early November 2008, China's State Council approved a major overhaul of the country's VAT: starting in 2009, registered VAT payers are allowed to claim input credit for VAT paid on purchases of equipment and other non-real-property fixed assets. The change marks a decisive abandonment of China's previous esoteric "production-type" VAT (which disallowed input tax credit for fixed asset purchases) in favour of the conventional consumption-type VAT, and a giant step in the rationalization of the coun­try's tax structure. It also promises to accelerate the pace of VAT reform, the next major stage of which is widely regarded as expanding the VAT into services and other sectors currently subject to the business tax (BT). The BT, which generally applies to services and the transfer of real and intan­gible properties, covers a tax base that is normally covered by the VAT in other countries, but is a cascading tax imposed at lower rates than the regu­lar VAT rates. Its eventual unification with the VAT had been anticipated ever since the two taxes were given their current shape during the 1994 tax reform. A major task facing tax policymakers, scholars, and practitioners in China today, therefore, is how to introduce VAT norms and rule design into the operation of the BT.

Included in

Tax Law Commons

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