Faculty Author Type

Current Faculty [Maziar Peihani]

Document Type

Working Paper

Publication Date



climate change, disclosure, fiduciary duty, financial risks, pension funds


Climate change has emerged as a major issue of financial risk for Canadian pension funds when determining where to place investments. The author argues that while such pension funds recognize climate change as an issue that holds the potential for significant financial risk, the funds’ current approach to climate-related risks faces critical limitations. The author identifies the current practices of the five largest pension funds in Canada when faced with climate-related financial risks, then discusses the key shortcomings in current practices among the pension funds in three main areas.
First, the author examines organizational governance, which seeks to understand investment policies and guidelines related to climate risk, as well as the involvement of senior management and the pensions’ boards of directors in guiding their funds in the face of these risks. Second, the author considers the funds’ strategy and risk management, which encompasses any specific climate strategies adopted by the pension funds, as well as any tools or metrics used to manage and mitigate climate-related financial risk. Third, the author canvasses pension funds’ engagement and advocacy, which includes any stewardship practices that monitor or seek to improve the climate practices of investee companies.
The author concludes by discussing the remaining challenges to pension funds and defining a path forward. The remaining challenges are approached by comparing Canadian funds to their international peers’ approaches to climate-related financial risk, and by examining the position of Canadian pension funds within Canada’s wider climate policy implementing the Paris Agreement. The author defines the path forward for pension funds as requiring a strong policy signal from government that could accelerate their transition to investments promoting the low-carbon economy.



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