fair use; copyright; digital; Copyright Act; Bill C-32; expression; copyright infringement; transformative use
Networked digital technologies have given Canadians the opportunity to engage with culture in a way that has never before been possible. Empowered and inspired, individuals from Prince George to the Georgian Bay to George Street are rejecting their former role as passive consumers of culture in order to participate in a continuing process of cultural (re)creation, production, and dialogue. One way in which they are doing so is by engaging in the transformative use of existing expression, a type of creative activity in which previously existing expression is reworked for a new purpose, with new interpretations or with a new meaning.
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Graham Reynolds, "Towards a Right to Engage in the Fair Transformative Use of Copyright-Protected Expression" in Michael Geist ed, From “Radical Extremism” to “Balanced Copyright”: Canadian Copyright and the Digital Agenda (Toronto: Irwin Law, 2010) 395.